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Confucius created a system of thinking called Confucianism. If only one word could be used to summarize the Chinese way of life for the last two thousand years, that word would be Confucian. No other person has had as great an effect on the life and thought of the Chinese people as Confucius. He is the most adored person in Chinese history. Confucius claimed no greatness, instead he looked to a past time that he saw as the golden age. He told one of his disciples, "I transmit but I do not create. I am sincerely fond of the ancient. I would compare myself to Old P'eng who was fond of talking about the good old days." Confucius was a transmitter of the wisdom of the past. From his study of Chinese tradition, he gathered the…show more content…
At age 50, he was approached by the Baron of Qi to help defend against a rebellion, but he declined. He was later made a city magistrate by the Duke of Lu and under his administration the city flourished; he was promoted many times, eventually becoming Grand Secretary of Justice(see figure3-1) and at age 56, Chief Minister of Lu. Neighbouring countries began to worry that Lu would become too powerful and so they sent messengers with gifts and dancers to distract the duke during a sacrifice holiday. When the duke abandoned his duties to receive messengers , Confucius resigned and left the country. Confucius spent the next five years wondering China with his disciples, finding that he was rarely wanted at all royal courts and it did not take long before nobles would begin plotting to drive him out or have him killed. He was arrested once and jailed for five days and at 62 he was chased, along with his disciples, into the countryside by a group of soldiers sent by a jealous nobles, until he was able to send a messenger to the King of a nearby country, who sent his own soldiers to rescue them. Once again, Confucius was to be given land, but was denied it by another high minister. He eventually returned to Lu a t age 67. Although he was welcomed there and chose to stay, he was not offered public office again, nor did he want it. Instead he spent the rest of his years teaching and
Show MoreChina is a country with a vast cultural and historical background. It is a country with four billon people with extreme cultural diversity, which is nourished by different philosophies of its own. These philosophies are the beginning ideas of Chinese morality and spiritual belief, which were enriched by different intellectual heroes like Confucius.
Confucius was born in 551 B.C at the end of the Chou dynasty as a descendent of dispossessed noble family. “His ancestors were of lesser aristocracy who had, however sunk to the position of poverty and insignificance by the time of his birth” (De Bary, Chan and Watson 15). His father died when he was really young, and he was educated there was not any stability…show more content…
The four books are the combined texts of The Analects, The Great Learning, Book of Rites, and Mencius. In pre-Communist China, this was the major parts of Chinese education, “the first major course of study before a student began his study of the Five Classics” (De Bary, Chan and Watson 113).
Confucianism provided the background for the Chinese political theory and influenced the Chinese attitude towards life. After the death of Confucius, Confucianism remained as a major school of philosophy whose ideas and concepts were adapted by many rulers of different warring states to bring peace in their states. Many emperors employed Confucians in their administration and put their ideas and thought in practice in order to bring stability and peace in their states. Many rulers later turned out to be Confucianists and became his followers. Later Confucianism spread to most of the East Asian countries like Japan, Korea and Vietnam (Liu).
The major philosophies of Confucianism are selected in The Analects. It is a record of the conversations between Confucius and his disciples, which were later written down by his disciples. It is one of the major parts of Four Books. Confucius’s philosophies are based on the principle of good conduct, wisdom and proper social relationships. Confucius was the person who said that country should be ruled by moral values rather than with